There are many skin conditions that cause red spots on the skin. It can be easy to confuse conditions at first glance, so we would like to take a closer look. Here are 21 conditions that cause common red spots on the skin and how to treat them.
1. Acne Bumps
Causes: Characterized by pimples, oily skin, scarring and hyperpigmentation, whiteheads, and blackheads. Acne (also known as acne vulgaris) occurs when oil, dead skin cells, and hair follicles are clogged within the skin.
Treatments: Acne treatments can vary from one person to the next depending on the severity of the condition. However, treatments are usually a combination of OTC and prescribed topical medication and possible dietary changes (such as avoiding sugary and oily foods and consuming more water, fruits, and vegetables).
Causes: Rosacea is a common condition that causes redness of the skin. It is similar in symptoms and signs to other conditions like acne and eczema. Doctors will perform tests to rule out those other conditions, and pay special attention to the patient’s historical skin patterns.
Treatments: The patient will need to use a combination of skincare and prescription medication to treat rosacea. One of our certified dermatologists will have to diagnose the condition and prescribe treatment.
3. Pityriasis Rosea
Causes: Pityriasis Rosea usually occurs in people between 10 and 35. Researchers suspect that is stems from a virus, and not by a bacteria, fungus, or allergic reaction.
Treatments: Treatments include using skin lotions and lubricants to soothe the itch. In severe cases, a dermatologist may prescribe corticosteroids.
4. Tinea Versicolor
Causes: Tinea Versicolor is a fungal infection caused by a type of yeast that lives in the skin. Oily skin, excessive sweating, having a weak immune system and living in hot climates can all result in this condition.
Treatments: Simply observing the rash or using an ultraviolet light test can diagnose the condition. A combination of topical lotions, creams, shampoos, as well as pilled-medication, can be used to treat this condition.
5. Hair follicle infections (Folliculitis)
Causes: Folliculitis can appear on any part of the skin having hair and occurs whenever hair follicles are inflamed because of yeast, other fungi or bacteria. Shaving, wearing clothing that irritates the skin, sweating, oils, and makeup can all result in these small red spots on the body. Commonly affected areas include legs, arms, buttocks, back and the beard area of the face.
Treatments: Mild forms of the condition can heal on its’ own over a two-week period during which it can be soothed with a warm compress. However, more severe forms of Folliculitis can be treated with medicated shampoos and/or prescribed antibiotics.
Causes: Petechiae can appear on account of brown, purple or red spots on the legs, arms, stomach, buttocks or on the inside of eyelids and the mouth. This happens when capillaries (tiny blood vessels) break and the blood leaks into the skin. Infections of various kinds and reactions to medication are two common causes of red Petechiae blood spots on the skin.
Treatments: Depending on the nature of the condition, antibiotics, corticosteroids, immune suppressants and even chemotherapy in the instance where cancers like Lymphoma are among the causes.
Causes: Immune system over-activity causes Psoriasis. This condition includes inflammation, flaking, and thick silvery/white or red patches of the skin.
Treatments: Treatment options include a combination of topical steroids (creams), light therapy, oral medication, occlusion, and biologics.
Causes: Arguably one of the most common groups of skin conditions, the most common form of eczema is atopic eczema and atopic dermatitis. Eczema seems to be hereditary and linked to developing various allergies, although one cause has not been pinpointed for the condition.
Treatments: Treatment options include a combination of topical treatments (like creams and gels) and dietary or other lifestyle changes.
Causes: Also known as Urticaria, Hives appear as pale red bumps or plaques that are swollen and often appear suddenly as an allergic reaction to an irritant. Chronic cases can result from conditions like cancer or hepatitis infection, as well as from the use of certain medications.
Treatments: Hives will be diagnosed with an allergy test, and a doctor will usually prescribe Antihistamines to help treat the symptoms. Wearing loose-fitting clothing and applying cool compress can all help.
Causes: Skin rashes are one of the many symptoms of Lupus. Lupus itself is not a direct skin disorder but an auto-immune condition that can damage vital organs in severe cases.
Treatments: Due to the many symptoms of Lupus, doctors need to use a combination of treatments. As far as the skin rash goes, however, the patient can use anti-inflammatory medications and topical creams to treat it.
11. Poison Ivy
Causes: An allergic reaction to direct contact with the Poison Ivy plant causes a poison ivy rash.
Treatments: Most cases of Poison Ivy can be treated at home using an over-the-counter antihistamine, hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion, a cool wet compress pack, or frequent warm oatmeal baths. If you have symptoms like shortness of breath – or the rash stays beyond a few days – we advise that you visit an emergency room.
Causes: Shingles is a viral infection that occurs when the chickenpox virus appears for the second time in the body. It can appear on any part of the body as a painful rash that oozes and eventually crusts.
Treatments: Treatments for shingles include topical creams that relieve inflammation, as well as using baking soda and cornstarch to dry the sores. Burow’s solution and tap water are great options for cleaning crusted sore and reducing oozing and inflammation.
Causes: Lymphoma is a lymphatic system cancer where white blood cells, known as lymphocytes, fight the disease in the body. Lymphoma can appear in different areas of the body, including the skin. In Lymphomas of the skin, a common symptom is a rash on the skin.
Treatments: Like most cancers, doctors can use chemotherapy and various oral medications to treat Lymphoma.
14. Cherry Angiomas
Causes: Cherry Angiomas are a skin growth resulting from red moles or spots that can appear in most areas of your body, usually in people aged 30 years and older. Small blood vessels contribute to the red coloration, but doctors do not know the exact cause. Doctors link this condition to chemical exposure, climate, certain kinds of medical conditions, and even pregnancy.
Treatments: Most cases of Cherry Angioma do not need to be treated (unless it is an indication of something more serious like cancer). However, it can be removed for cosmetic reasons through laser surgery, electrocauterization, and cryosurgery.
15. Basal-Cell Carcinoma
Causes: Basal-cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. Causes include exposure to ultraviolet light, radiation therapy, long-term exposure to arsenic, and a weak immune system.
Treatments: If the cancer is small and localized, a doctor is able to remove it surgically with a simple excision or Mohs Surgery (a specialized microscopy procedure developed for skin cancer). In rarer cases, treatments may be cryotherapy (cold application), topical chemotherapy, laser surgery, or the prescription medication, Imiquimod.
16. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Causes: Squamous cell carcinoma is the second-most common type of skin cancer. The cause is usually too much sun exposure. is usually the cause.
Treatments: Squamous cell carcinoma is also commonly removed with excision or Mohs surgery. Other treatments include topical medications and various radiotherapies.
Causes: Genetics and DNA damage from too much exposure to the sun often causes Melanoma.
Treatments: Your doctor will use a biopsy to properly diagnose melanoma. A doctor will usually use surgical removal for this type of skin cancer as well. However, treatment may be more extensive depending on the number of cancerous moles present. Other treatments may include chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiation therapy.
18. Mosquito and Insect Bites
Causes: Some rashes result from insect bites including those from mosquitoes, spiders, ants, fleas, flies, and wasps. Following the insect bite is an allergic reaction in the form of a swollen, itchy bump.
Treatments: In most cases, rashes resulting from a mild allergic reaction to insect bites can go away on its’ own. However, you may need to take a trip to the emergency room or your general practitioner in the case of a more severe reaction. A doctor will prescribe a topical cream in these cases.
Causes: Cysts can occur in several parts of the body. Skin cysts (also known as sebaceous (epidermal) cysts) are sacs (bump or lump) under the skin which are full of sebum (a fluid that is a greasy and cheese-like material). One cause of cysts is a plugged hair follicle duct. These cysts can also result from an infected injury or hormone stimulation.
Treatments: Treatments for cysts include cleaning the affected area with antibacterial soap, applying a warm washcloth for 20 to 30 minutes several times a day (up to four) to increase blood circulation and speed healing. Be sure to schedule an appointment with a dermatologist if there is no change within a week, or if the cysts begin to pus.
20. Port Wine Stains/Birthmarks
Causes: Port Wine Stains or birthmarks are present at birth and are usually red or brown in their appearance.
Treatments: A specialist may use a variety of laser treatments to remove Port Wine Stains. The type of laser treatment used is dependent on the type of Port Wine Stain and the anatomical location. A doctor may suggest a series of treatments in order to obtain the best results. It is best to treat Port Wine Stains early in life. This is because they get thicker and darker over time and can lead to bleeding as a person ages.
Causes: Warts, wherever they appear, are an infection resulting from the Human Papillomavirus family.
Treatments: Removing warts is not always necessary. In the case of treating warts, chemical peels, some laser therapies, freezing or topical creams are great. Your doctor will discuss treatment options that will help remove warts without creating scar tissue. Salicylic acid can help with home treatments.
If you are experiencing any of these red spots on your skin or have other skin concerns, contact us to schedule an appointment.Lear More
Healthy skin can make us feel better about ourselves as we put our best face forward. After all, our skin is the first thing others will notice about us in any given social situation. Skin that is obviously irritated by acne, eczema, psoriasis or other conditions that can negatively affect our appearance can cause anxiety and lack of confidence. Below, we take a closer look at one such condition – psoriasis.
Psoriasis: What Is It?
Psoriasis is a condition where scales and patches that are often dry, flaky, red, silvery appear on the skin. Psoriasis can appear just about anywhere on the skin but is typically found on the lower back, knees, elbows, and scalp. In most cases, Psoriasis patches are small and affect adults under the age of about 35. They can also be itchy and sore on account of the drying of the skin of the affected area.
The severity of the effects or symptoms of Psoriasis can vary from one person to the other. The condition can affect men and women equally and is thought to result from an immune system that attacks healthy skin cells and there is a build up of skin cells resulting from the same. Still, the condition can be effectively treated although there is no cure.
How to Treat It?
Psoriasis is normally treated using topical treatments – primarily corticosteroids creams and ointments. These creams and ointments are usually used as directed by a physician or dermatologist, directly on the affected areas. In cases where Psoriasis is more severe, exposing the skin to special kinds of ultraviolet light is used as treatment. This process is known as Phototherapy. Finally, in extreme cases, injections or oral medications are used as treatment.
Contact Us For Treatment Options
If you or a loved one you know suffer from mild to extreme cases of Psoriasis, then you have come to the right place. Our team of dermatologists at Universal Dermatology & Vein Care will be more than happy to assist you. Contact us for your Psoriasis treatment options today and let us set you on the path to having glowing, healthy skin.Lear More
Our skin is an important part of how we are able to present ourselves to the world. In fact, it is one of the first things others notice about us. Consequently, we do all we can to take good care of our skin through skin care routines in an effort to maintain healthy skin. We put our literal and proverbial best face forward.
There are many conditions that affect the appearance of the skin. Some are serious, others simply embarrassing, and others a large nuisance. Psoriasis can fall into any of these.
Psoriasis is a condition that occurs when the deeper lying cells of the skin react to the skin’s surface and die in relatively large volumes. When this happens, red (and often itchy) plaques with white scales cover the skin. Psoriasis generally affects the scalp, knees, and elbows, but can also affect the soles of the feet palms of the hands, and the torso. The condition is usually treated by a dermatologist.
As irritating and unsightly as psoriasis can be, it is treatable. A large part of treating the condition includes soothing the itching and irritation while moisturizing the skin. This can be done by doing the following:
1. Taking warm baths
Taking warm baths, coupled with the use of mild soap, can go a long way in soothing irritation. You can opt to add oatmeal, dead sea salt or Epsom salt to the mix as well. The most important part, however, is the water temperature. Soap should be mild. Temperatures that are too hot or too cold can irritate the already sensitive skin further, as will soaps that are too harsh.
2. Use moisturizer
As a rule, anything you use on your skin to help with psoriasis, should be mild and not very prone to causing any ill or adverse effects. This applies to the moisturizer you choose. Nevertheless, one must moisturize. Moisturizing effectively will help with the scaling and flaking of the skin. Using a dehumidifier is also a great way to keep the skin moist.
3. UV Rays from the sun
Believe it or not, mild exposure to the sun’s rays can help with psoriasis by slowing the build-up of cells. You will need to wear sunscreen whenever going out into the sun. The sunscreen should be used on your healthy skin. Additionally, exposure to the sun, even with sunscreen, should be minimal as a general skin care rule. Furthermore, too much exposure can exacerbate the condition, as well as result in other conditions like skin cancer.
Of course, before trying any of the skin care tips for healthy skin above, it is important that you contact a dermatologist. For more information on psoriasis and how the condition can be effectively treated, contact our treatment centers today to speak with one of our qualified dermatologists. Universal Dermatology will be happy to assist you!Lear More