Rosacea (rose-AY-sha) is a common skin disease. It often begins with a tendency to blush or flush more easily than other people. The redness can slowly spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin. Even the ears, chest, and back can be red all the time.
Rosacea can cause more than redness. There are so many signs and symptoms that rosacea has four subtypes:
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: Redness, flushing, visible blood vessels
- Papulopustular rosacea: Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts
- Phymatous rosacea: Skin thickens and has a bumpy texture
- Ocular rosacea: Eyes red and irritated, eyelids can be swollen, and person may have what looks like a sty
How do dermatologists treat rosacea?
To treat rosacea, a dermatologist first finds all of the patient’s signs and symptoms of rosacea. This is crucial because different signs and symptoms need different treatment.
Treatment for the skin includes:
- Medicine that is applied to the rosacea
- Sunscreen (wearing it every day can help prevent flare-ups)
- An emollient to help repair the skin
- Lasers and other light treatments
- Antibiotics (applied to the skin and pills)