The condition can develop during infancy, but can occur at any age. Some people’s symptoms will improve as they grow older, but for others, eczema can be genetic and be associated with allergies and asthma. Genetic eczema is called Atopic Dermatitis and is a lifelong condition.
There are several types of eczema or dermatitis, including atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis. Eczema is considered atopic dermatitis when the condition is severe and chronic.
Eczema typically presents itself as a red, itchy, scaly rash that can develop anywhere on the body. It is commonly found on the arms, eyelids, hands and behind the knees. Other indications of eczema can include:
Dry, scaly skin
Easily irritated sensitive skin
Red, inflamed skin
Rough or scaly patches of skin
Individuals who suffer from eczema or atopic dermatitis may have periods of improvement followed by periodic flare-ups. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, it’s important to visit a dermatologist to treat the skin inflammation and itching.
While eczema cannot be permanently cured, it can be managed effectively with the help of a skin care regimen by a dermatologist. Treatment options may vary based on the patient’s age and the severity of the condition. Gentle skin care measures are typically recommended. Using a soap-free body cleanser, fragrance free laundry detergents and applying a thick moisturizing cream or ointment frequently throughout the day, especially after bathing can help limit eczema flares.
Some of the prescription treatment options for eczema include: